I am more than a number.

People with diabetes live by numbers. But there is no number more highly regarded, than the A1C number. Measured through a blood test, hemoglobin A1C, provides information about average blood sugar levels over the past three months.


When I go to my endo appointments every 3 months, the only thing my mind is focused on is getting my A1C results. That’s it. I am thankful to have technology today that allows for almost immediate results because back in the day I would have to check our mailbox every day the following week, for that letter with the highly anticipated results.

Usually it is about two or three days before my appointment that I realize I even have an appointment. It is at this time that my stomach drops, my heart starts pounding a little faster and my brain starts to go over every time I forgot a bolus, or let a high blood sugar linger for just a little too long. What ensues is two or three days of diligence, and perfect diabetes management. Unfortunately I, like many others, have learned the hard way that you cannot improve three months of lack-luster management in three days; even though we incessantly try every time.

That 2 digit, sometimes 3 digit (throwback to sophomore year of college) number, is so important to people with diabetes. In addition to being the only thing we think about leading up to an appointment, it can also set the tone for the entire appointment, which is actually quite counter productive. It doesn’t stop there. A1C will continue to float around in our heads for the rest of the day or more, after the appointment. I love seeing diabuddies triumphantly post the results of an improved A1C on social media as much as the next person, but I also know what those long car rides home feel like after not receiving the results you (unrealistically) hoped for. It’s usually the first thing my family members or even other diabetics are itching to know, whether they verbalize it or not. 

 I mean think about it, even when you go to the eye doctor or primary care doctor, it’s the first thing they ask. If it is higher than a 6.0, I feel the need to quickly justify it, with, “Oh, but I’m very active.” or “Oh, but it’s lower than last time” as I try to avoid their judgmental gaze or tone in their voice. But it is not their fault, A1C is the only way that these healthcare professionals have been trained on how to assess someone’s blood glucose control. 

It is like having tunnel vision for this number. But why? Why do we focus on it so much? Why  do I absorb nothing else from the appointment, besides that number? It’s because we have been taught that the A1C is a grade. We’ve been taught that A1C is a permanent part of our diabetic identity. We think of it as not only a judgement of our diabetes management for the past three months, but also a judgement of ourselves. We, as people with diabetes, take this number very personal. 

Whether intentional or not, I have been conditioned to think that an A1C in the 6’s is an A+ and anything above 7.5 is failing. If that was the case, I would have failed out of “controlling my diabetes” when my A1C was 10.2 during my sophomore year of college. The amount of stigma and guilt there is around a high A1C is very burdensome and leaves the person with diabetes feeling helpless, rather than motivated to make necessary adjustments.

But the thing is, I didn’t need an A1C to tell me that I had poor diabetes management. I looked at other factors to gauge how well I was doing. I was tired all the time, sleeping in class, sick a lot, I was not testing my blood sugar, my time in range was minimal and overall I just felt burnt out. The A1C was a reflection of all of this; “all of this” was not a reflection of the A1C.  


Even the way we market or educate ourselves on A1C can have alternate meanings. A1C is just a snapshot, not the full picture.

I think that it is important to acknowledge that A1C carries a lot of weight in looking at glucose control, but it doesn’t hold all of it. Because it can be very misleading, and it is necessary to look at other factors and other outcomes. A lower or “good” A1C may actually indicate severe low blood sugars over night. Sometimes a higher or “bad” A1C means you are mostly in control, except for post meal spikes. Or it could even mean that you’re on the swim team and you practice twice a day with your pump off so naturally, you are constantly trying to catch up on your basal. Even if you are diligent, there just may not be a lot of pay off. We so strongly correlate low A1Cs with the amount of effort a person with diabetes is putting forth forgetting the fact that A1C is not, and should not be, the only outcome measure for diabetes management. 

I mean even in schools we tend to follow a similar philosophy. It’s about being well-rounded. My parents excused C’s because I was also on the field hockey team, in band, a leader in the student council and on the science Olympiad team. Or if they knew I was trying hard, I was not shamed for the grade I received. We looked at other outcomes, to base action off of, to help improve my academics. There was so much more to high school than just my grades, just like there is so much more to diabetes than a number.

Luckily with the support of my mom and my diabetes care team I have broken this cycle of toxic thoughts around A1C. And thank goodness for that. We focused on specific times I was not in range. We focused on my activity level, my food intake, overnight trends, and most importantly how was I feeling? Was I balancing being a normal young adult with focus on diabetes management? We looked at the smaller adjustments to be made, that would have an impact on bringing my A1C down to where it needed to be. Having good control doesn’t necessarily mean a good A1C, but also good mental health, physically feeling well and not being bogged down by every aspect of diabetes.

It is no doubt that A1C is the most known way to judge the control of your diabetes. And even though it is one small part of the entire management picture, the reality is, is that currently A1C is the only UNBIASED way to measure diabetes management. It’s the only quality measure used to approve diabetes drug therapies. But it’s time to change that.

Next week there is a FDA workshop between patient groups, industry and the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) on Outcome measures beyond A1C. I have been lucky to be able to help market and prepare for this event through my Students with Diabetes internship this summer. And we need you to be involved too!

First, help us share the patient perspective with the FDA. Create a short video. Here’s an example. This is a unique opportunity to bring YOUR voice directly to a FDA meeting.

#DOCasksFDA videos (3)

Submit videos here.

Then, register to attend the event in person, or via webcast, here.

fda event

Also check out what people are saying in the diabetes blog-sphere (post from Diabetes Mine), this one (from It’s all about Balance) and this one from Manny at Tudiabetes. 

And lastly, spread the word on social media with the hastags #DOCasksFDA and #beyondA1c

We are more than a number. We are more than our diabetes. And it’s about more than A1C.



Intern Spotlight.

My summer internship experience would not have been even half as good if it were not for all of the great staff at HCM Strategists. Especially the fellow intern on the health team, Stephen Gamboa.


Some things you should know about Stephen is that he is a few years older than me, has a master’s degree and just completed a distinguished fellowship at AIDS United. He is on his way to grace Columbia Law school  with his intelligence, drive, and strong work ethic. He’s so hard-working that he would  G-chat me about projects on Friday’s, even though it was his day off.

Like me, he has a passion for health policy, advocacy, and making a difference in patient’s lives. He is wicked good at answering and transferring the phones, knows a lot of about hospital systems and was eager to learn more about diabetes and the Dexcom CGM system.

Stephen was great to rehash the weekend with on Mondays, was always down for Chipotle, and even though he may have won (by a slim margin) in our Meeting Schedule Competition, I knew we would get along when he shared his favorite Mean Girls movie quote, and that he also prefers to eat ramen without the broth.

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Here’s a spotlight on Stephen, hope you enjoy.

AL: Where are you from originally?
SG: I am originally from Albuquerque, New Mexico.

AL: Where did you complete your undergrad?
SG: I completed my undergrad and a master’s degree at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona

AL: What are your degrees in?
SG: For undergrad – I majored in Music Performance and was also Pre-Med. My Master’s degree is a Master of Healthcare Innovation

AL: What other internships and fellowships have you held? What are most memorable moments or times from those experiences?
SG: 1) Mayo Clinic Premedical Scholar – I really enjoyed shadowing doctors and nurses and getting a feel for the clinical side of healthcare. This was especially inspiring to me at the time because I was interested in a career in medicine.
2) Southwest Center for HIV/AIDS – I interned here for a year during my Master’s degree and I helped manage a research program called Integrated Collaborative Care. This program served as a holistic model of healthcare delivery for 75 research participants and I helped both with the logistics as well as some of the data analysis. This was an amazing opportunity to see how research can have a real impact on the daily lives of patients.
3) AIDS United Pedro Zamora Public Policy Fellow – This was my first job out of school and my favorite memory was going to the annual Presidential Advisory Council and on HIV/AIDS meeting. During this meeting, I got to see a lot of leaders in the field come together and talk about issues and suggest solutions for the federal government to pursue.

AL: What do you do in your spare time?
SG: I’m a big runner and am currently training for the Marine Corps Marathon so I spend a lot of time outside of work either running, at the gym, or in a spin or yoga class. Additionally, I love checking out new places in Washington, DC since I’ve only been here for a year and eating really good food!

AL: What’s your favorite food?
SG: I love French cuisine, so Le Diplomat on 14th St. is one of my favorite DC restaurants.

AL: Favorite spot in DC?
SG: I have two – The Hirschhorn Museum on the National Mall is great. They have really incredible exhibits and they have a great reading spot that overlooks the mall that I often find myself at. My other favorite DC spot is Rock Creek Park – I run quite a bit in Rock Creek and it’s a great way to enjoy some greenery and at least have the illusion like you’re getting out of the city.

AL: What do you think you’ve learned most from this internship experience?
SG: I’ve learned a lot about the approach to developing a public policy strategy. For example, I got to sit in on the initial planning meetings for the ISTH project and it was great to observe how HCM creates a strategy to take the organization from where they are to where they want to be. That’s a transferable skill that I think will really help me in the future.

AL: What has been your favorite part of this internship?
SG: Aside from learning a lot about building strong client relationships and creating strategy to help organizations with their public policy agendas, I really enjoyed the people. It was a great, collaborative work environment and I was able to get along well with everyone on the health team!

AL: What is next? And how do you feel about that?
SG: I will be moving to New York City at the end of the summer to pursue an MPH/JD dual degree program at Columbia University. I am very excited for this next chapter, but honestly, also just a bit nervous. We will see how it goes!

Stephen had one final DC hurrah this past week when we ventured up to the top of the Washington Monument to capture these stunning views. (pictured above)

Thank you Stephen for sharing all the advice you have on Grad School and beyond. And if we ever find ourselves meeting again, please hire me.



In’s and Out’s

Happy August first!

Even though we only have one month left of summer vacation, I thought I would give you guys a little insight into the in’s and out’s of my experience in DC for the summer. Off the bat I can tell you it is fun, hot, adventurous and relaxing. Oh, and did I mention hot?

I am subletting an apartment from my best friend Acadia in a building just off of American University’s campus. There I live with four other roommates, George, Kay, Kim and Sam in a two bedroom apartment. Because we all work, intern or both, it is a rare but fun occurrence when we are all home at the same time. They are really cool, nice and fun people with interests in journalism, the environment, cooking, music, film making and government conspiracy theories among others.

Everyday I get on the bus at a stop right outside my apartment building. I use a bus tracker app and I have timed it out so if I leave when the app says the bus is four minutes away, walk briskly, I make it just on time. The bus is usually packed with summer interns and professionals all making their way downtown in the muggy morning weather. I take the N4 down Mass ave onto Connecticut Ave. My friend Adrian and I both have to be at work at 9am sharp so we take the bus together most days, unless one of us is running late (cough cough Adrian ;)). Being surrounded by ambitious peers dedicating their summers to interning gets me through my mornings. Once I hit M St and Connecticut I exit the bus, yelling a “thank you” to the driver, rushing to cross the street before the next green light and walk three short blocks with a wave of fellow commuters. One really cool building I pass every day is the National Geographic Museum and I told myself that before the summer is up, I will have to go and check it out.  

The 20 – 40 minute commute (depending on traffic) to and from work has really given me a chance to read. A lot. So far I have read, Save Market Basket, When Women Win, The Kite Runner, The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway, I tried to get through 1984 but had to put it down, My Beloved World by Sonia Sotomayor. Currently I am switching between Hillary Clinton’s book, Hard Choices and Anderson Cooper’s Dispatches to the Edge. I am open to any recommendations.

For lunch, I pack it basically everyday. Both to save money and to optimize time at my desk, especially when I have many assignments to work on. Typically my lunch consists of a sandwich (I love sandwiches), vegetables (carrots, celery and broccoli), an apple or grapes, cheezits or unsalted potato crisps (my favorite) and 1 or 2 hershey’s kisses or york patty (yes, diabetics can eat sugar). One time, the other intern and I treated ourselves to Chipotle. It is just over on the next block. The fact Chipotle is so close, is dangerous because it is so good.

Living in DC is expensive so this summer I have stayed on as a part time employee at the gym on campus. I typically work a closing shift (6pm to 9:15pm) a few days a week. On those days I pack a dinner as well as lunch and bring my work t-shirt with me and go straight from the office to the fitness center. These days can be somewhat exhausting but I really enjoy my coworkers. At the gym I swipe members’ ID cards, rent out equipment and make sure any administrative paperwork is complete.



Then when I go home, I wait for my roommates to return, hang out with them for a bit, go through my nightly routine (make lunch, lay out clothes, ect) and do it all again the next day. Then when the weekend hits, I try new restaurants with friends who have also stayed in DC this summer, go to the pool, catch up on Netflix and take long bike rides through DC. The weekend also means doing a whole host of “adult” things like laundry, grocery shopping, cooking and cleaning.

That’s all for now. Thank you to everyone who has made this summer in DC both possible and enjoyable.

I’m a diabetic girl in a diabetic world.

If you’re like me then you have type 1 diabetes and are unapologetically passionate about advocating for a cure and working tirelessly to improve quality of life for those living with diabetes. If you’re like me then you realized your career path was one in a diabetes related field. If you’re like me then one of the biggest concerns you had once deciding to pursue an opportunity in a diabetes related field, was, how would it be working on diabetes issues daily, while having diabetes? Would you be too close to the issue? Would it be difficult to separate personal experiences from work assignments? Would I become burned out?

Here are my thoughts on what I’ve learned so far since getting my internship through Students with Diabetes.

First, this is where your passion lies. Never second guess yourself on that fact. Rather, focus your efforts on how to grow professionally and learn as much as you can both on this specific topic, but also other topics -develop your skill set. At my internship I am given many of the “diabetes” assignments. But I am also asked to work on projects for non-diabetes related clients. I welcome those opportunities with open arms. The advocacy, digital, research and communication skills that I have learned on diabetes-related work, are transferable to many other areas within the field of health. The more diverse skill-set you possess, the more future opportunities you are creating for yourself.

Secondly, it is important to separate yourself from your work. Yes, we may fall into the population that you are doing work and advocating for, but your lived experiences are not the same experiences as everyone in the diabetes community. Learn from your community, be a good listener, ask questions. The course of our disease and our treatment plans are as varied as snowflakes. Sometimes I even forget that I have diabetes and choose to work on my assignments as if I am new to the topic. There is always more to learn about your disease. When you separate yourself from your disease, you will be surprised at what you will realize you did not know about diabetes. Become a student of the disease.

Thirdly, with that said, you have been given a unique opportunity to use your own lived experience to provide knowledge and insights on what living with diabetes is like. Beyond the text book definitions. You’re a patient, with a perspective, so when working with the patient perspective and voice, draw from your knowledge. Similarly you have access to connections in the diabetes community, just by living the life you have be given. You have a gift to use your diabetes to effect positive change, use it.

Fourthly, I think it is especially important to take care of your diabetes. Sometimes I am so involved in my work I put my own diabetes tasks on hold. Keep yourself healthy. Otherwise you won’t be able to succeed professionally, let alone offer productive information to your work on diabetes. Have an outlet for your own frustrations with diabetes to prevent that from bubbling over into your work. The whole reason you have found yourself at a job in a diabetes related field is because of your ability to have a positive outlook on your life with diabetes. But of course it is not sunshine and rainbows all the time, the key is to not let that overcome you and resent your job.

Similarly, much of the research I have done has only further illuminated the hardships of diabetes and made me learn about issues I may not have realized existed. Some of the hardships do not impact my life at all. It is easy to get angry and fired up over those injustices and complications of diabetes. But instead of letting anger take over, channel that fire within you to create more positive change, and be the best intern or professional you can.

Lastly, Diabetes is a complex disease. Everyone with diabetes is different. Your experience is only one experience of many. The complexity of this disease is the reason you even have a job in the diabetes related field in the first place. If there was a one-size-fix-all for everyone with diabetes, and their voices did not matter, and everything was fine, there would be no need for you to pursue a career in a diabetes related field. It is important to remember sensitivity when working on these issues within this community.

This gift has allowed me to turn my setback into an opportunity. A gift to turn this chronic illness into a chronic passion. This gift has allowed me to use leadership, public speaking, and research skills to help advocate for people with diabetes. I have been given a gift of a positive attitude. I have been given the gift of someone believing in me. I have been given the gift of believing a cure will come, and I can be apart of making that a reality. I am just a diabetic girl in a diabetic world.

diabetic world

In range blood sugar while advocating for Medicare CGM coverage to congress.



Today was the launch of the Diabetes Access Matters campaign on the Diabetes Patient Advocacy Coalition’s (DPAC) website.

I am so excited to see the diabetes patient community unite to raise their voices against insurance companies deciding treatment plans; something that should be between patients and their doctors.

Some of the actions patients can take include:

  • Sending a message directly to health insurance companies about how restricting access is harmful for patients,
  • Share images along with #diabetesaccessmatters on all social media outlets,
  • Send a letter to the editor of a local news outlet,
  • Tweet to the top health insurance executives,
  • Tweet out information out to your followers with #diabetesaccessmatters
  • Share personal stories about restricted access and,
  • Share the fact sheet. The more people educated about this issue, the stronger our voice becomes.

It was rewarding to have a hand in this project and can’t wait to see what change is made when the movers and shakers of the Diabetes Online Community come together.

This is the kind of stuff that gets me up in the morning. Because the thing is, this is not just an issue between one insurance provider and one manufacturer. The scope is bigger than that, and many patients are impacted by the decisions of their insurance companies.

Insurance companies have waged a war on the wrong community, and we won’t stop until every diabetic has the choice of what treatments options work best for them, and the access for them to have what they need.


Check out the press release here.


A Sustainable Passion.

I always wondered as a student who was trying to figure out their life, if following my passion for diabetes was sustainable as a career? I was already ahead of the game by identifying diabetes advocacy was my passion, but how could I integrate that into my interest in politics to create a long term career path? It almost seemed too easy. My passion literally chose me; it fell right into my lap.  But was that enough? Or did I need to do more?

It wasn’t until I went to a conference, the Students with Diabetes Conference, my sophomore year of college and was surrounded by other students with diabetes who had this same passion and asked the same question I did, that I knew my answer.

First of all, you always have to follow your heart. In my heart I knew it was the issues that people with diabetes face everyday was what really lit a fire underneath me.The only way that you can ever be happy is if you follow your heart. No matter if it came to you when you were five years old, or if you are 85 years old it is never too late to realize, or even change, your passion.

Secondly, a passion for diabetes advocacy is not just diabetes advocacy. It is so much more. It is understanding the United States healthcare system. It’s understanding non-profits, fundraising, community organizing and facilitating collaboration. It is connecting with patient groups and understanding their needs. It can span as far as lobbying the FDA for guidance on new technologies, fighting the big PhRMA companies on rising cost of drugs and even educating private insurers on what regulations are limiting access to cutting edge technology. And diabetes advocacy doesn’t stop at just diabetes. Many research methods and goals overlap with many other chronic autoimmune diseases. So while your focus may be just on diabetes, you are effecting change in many different fields. 

Thirdly, surrounding myself with people who were my biggest cheerleaders gave me the strength and confidence to go full steam ahead to what I knew in my heart was the right thing. I would have never learned that this kind of supportive community was out there, without finding the Students with Diabetes Program. These supporters whom I’ve met, will encourage you to be un-apologetically passionate about your diabetes. But this program also provided me with the tangible tools to help pave my path to a career where I can genuinely happy and create genuine change for others.

So if you were like me, you may have had your passion fall into your lap when you were five. If you were like me then it took you years to accept that this is your passion. If you were like me then you were worried that your passion had too small of a scope and you wouldn’t be fulfilled. If you were like me then you thought people would judge you for your passion, or look down on you for placing too much attention on a really tragic event that you didn’t ask for. If you were like me, then you know that having a passion for diabetes advocacy and ambition to work in a diabetes field, then that is enough. You are enough. When you turn your setback, into a passion and into opportunities for your future, do it. Go for it. And don’t look back.